The achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can be facilitated through technical and vocational education and training (TVET), particularly in terms of increased employability. The industrialized nations had created identifiable TVET systems that allowed their citizens to gain skills, make a living, and be an integral part of socioeconomic growth. However, developing nations like Pakistan, despite having a large population of young people, have been unable to establish a system of technical and vocational education and training that is of a high caliber, leading to a number of socioeconomic issues, the worst of which are unemployment and poverty.
Workers are under enormous pressure to continually learn new skills, construct new work, and adapt to the unpredictable work environment in the modern period of fast-paced environment change and technology innovation. Managers of human resources (HR) are constantly called upon to recommend and put into action strategies that will increase workers’ productivity by developing both their domain-specific and general abilities.
However, throughout the employment period, both HR managers and employees often place an emphasis on skill development. While concentrating on the improvement of career development during the pre-employment period can substantially aid in the achievement of such measures. This is possible for blue-collar employees by updating the education at TVET institutions, which provide the sector with technical labor.
The value or rarity of an invention affects a company’s long-term success, thus employees must adopt creative work practices in their approach to operations and product quality (Stoffers et al., 2018). But because the workers who get technical and vocational education and training (TVET) are meant to fill supportive roles, crafted behavior—rather than inventive behavior—is more appropriate for such positions. Job crafting increases a worker’s psychological capital by allowing them to express their creativity while staying inside the confines of their allocated tasks.
To modernize the nation’s whole system and meet the demands of a wide variety of job sectors and industrial specialties, however, much more work must be done. Integrating technical education or vocational training into the formal education system is one of the key areas to concentrate on in order to provide students the opportunity to develop both skill sets and a healthy perspective. Recently, the government has placed a lot of emphasis on providing youngsters with short-term skills-based training, which is to some extent beneficial for finding job right away but ineffectual for perceiving wellbeing and long-term employability.
Training employees in accordance with competency-based training and assessment (CBT & A) principles can have a favourable effect on the employability component of occupational expertise. The flexibility of CBT and A, including the acknowledgment of incomplete abilities, past learning, and current competencies, provides excellent prospects for employees to enter the labor market quickly. Because this approach meets the urgent requirement for a skilled workforce, it more closely supports the business objectives of industrialists.